Every night, around the age of thirteen, she began to have a unique dream, in which she rose far above in the sky, clad in a magnificent golden robe. Divine experience with The Mother (Mirra Alfassa) of Sri Aurobindo Ashram This occurred back in 2006. Also, from this period, she started practicing occultism, enabling her to move about in the subtle world. Gradually, as more and more people joined her and Sri Aurobindo, she organised and developed Sri Aurobindo Ashram. . Mirra Alfassa (París 1878 â Pondicherry 1973) De padre turco y madre egipcia, se interesó desde joven por las experiencias ocultistas, después de haber gozado de unas experiencias místicas muy profundas. This meeting cleared many doubts he had about the ashram. She gave her final darshan on 15 August of the same year, visiting the outside balcony where thousands of followers were waiting to catch a glimpse of her. , During this time Mirra made the acquaintance of Louis ThÃ©manlys who was the head of the Cosmic Movement, a group started by Max ThÃ©on. Also Known As: Blanche Rachel Mirra Alfassa, The Mother, Spiritual & Religious Leaders On 20 November 1973, she was buried in the courtyard of the main Ashram building, next to the Samadhi of Shri Aurobindo. With time many influenced by the Arya Magazine and others who had heard about Aurobindo started to come to his residence either permanently to reside or to practise Aurobindo's yoga. dissertation, entitled Death and Transformation in the Yoga of Mirra Alfassa (1878- 1973), Mother of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram: A Jungian Hermeneutic, is a cross-cultural exploration and analysis of symbols of death and transformation found in Motherâs In Giappone nel giugno 1916. This was a very difficult experience for Mirra. There they met Shri Aurobindo, whom Mirra immediately recognized as the person who had been teaching her in her dreams. Mirra began her academics rather late, learning to read at the age of seven. All along, she continued to paint, some of which were accepted by the Salon d'Automne and were exhibited in 1903, 1904 and 1905. Many politicians visited Mirra on a regular basis for her guidance. Nonetheless, she returned to Paris and entered AcadÃ©mie Julian where she studied art till 1897. .  In 1964 it was finally decided to build this city. , Aurobindo and Mirra's work and principles of yoga was named by them: integral yoga, an all-embracing yoga. Ella se hizo cargo del Sri Aurobindo Ashram en 1926, y guió su crecimiento y desarrollo en todos sus detalles. By 1926, the number of inmates had increased and the house became a centre of spiritual activities. Vrekhem, a biographer of Mirra, informs that Richard was undergoing a legal problem in inheriting children from his first marriage to a Dutch woman, and had asked Mirra for help which she had accepted by marrying him. I went to bed around 9:30pm and began to slightly drift off to sleep, then all of a sudden I found myself out of body standing in strange surroundings which looked much like India. Mirra Alfassa was born on 21 February, 1878 in Paris, France, as Blanche Rachel Mirra Alfassa. On 20 November she was buried next to Aurobindo in the courtyard of the main ashram building. Mirra (or Mira) Alfassa was born in Paris in 1878, of a Turkish Jewish father, Maurice, and an Egyptian Jewish mother, Mathilde. By the age of fourteen, she had read all the books in her fatherâs collection. These sessions grew into a seven-volume book called Questions and Answers. She started with just simple conversations and recitations, which later expanded into deeper discussions about integral yoga where she would read a passage from Aurobindo's or her own writings and comment on them. Her love for the country was such, that she once described herself as âFrench by birth and an Indian by choiceâ. , School in ashram and death of Sri Aurobindo, A detailed description of the Overmind is provided in Book I ch.28, and Book II ch.26, of Aurobindo's philosophical opus, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPurani1982 (, Himalayan Institute of Yoga Science and Philosophy, Relationship between religion and science, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mirra_Alfassa&oldid=989060508, 20th-century Indian educational theorists, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Pages using religious biography with multiple nickname parameters, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Prayers And Meditations, Words of Long Ago, On Thoughts and Aphorisms, Words of the Mother, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 20:49. When she first met Sri Aurobindo, Mirra recognized in him the person whom she used to see in her dreams. Elle est connue pour son parcours spirituel avec Sri Aurobindo, ses écrits, et pour être à l'origine de la cité d'Auroville en Inde. When she reached the level ground ,she found herself standing safely on her feet. After her râŚ  By this time World War I had erupted and Indian revolutionaries were being prosecuted by the British for being spies of the German army. In 1893, Mirra graduated from school and thereafter went on a tour of Italy, where she had a glimpse into her past life. But very soon, Richard left the town, eventually returning home after divorcing Mirra. Another day, while climbing up a steep hill, her feet slipped and she began to tumble down. , Richard lost the elections to Paul Bluysen whom he had supported in previous elections. Her grandmother Mira introduced her to Henri Morisset, an ex-student of the AcadÃ©mie; they were married on 13 October 1897.  After reaching Pondicherry, they fixed an appointment with Sri Aurobindo who was then settled in Pondicherry and had suspended all his activity for Indian independence from British rule. She came to Sri Aurobindo's spiritual retreat on 29 March 1914 in Pondicherry, India. She also had an older brother named Matteo. They remained together until their divorce in 1908, meanwhile having a son called Andre, born in 1898. Mirra Alfassa (21 February 1878 â 17 November 1973), known to her followers as The Mother, was a spiritual guru, an occultist and a collaborator of Sri Aurobindo, who considered her to be of equal yogic stature to him and called her by the name "The Mother". One day, a thirteen-year-old boy was mocking her and when he would not stop, she picked him up bodily and threw him down. Mirra Alfassa (Blanche Rachel Mirra Alfassa), née le 21 février 1878 à Paris 9 et morte le 17 novembre 1973 à Pondichéry (Inde) , aussi surnommée Douce Mère ou la Mère, a pour nom d'épouse Mirra Richard. If she ever complained about something her mother would always remind her that she was born to realize the highest ideal, not to bother about small things. On 21 February 1963, on her 85th birthday, she gave her first darshan from the terrace that had been built for her. Elle s'appelait Mirra Alfassa mais à Pondichéry on l'appelait la Mère. In 1915, as the First World War began to hot up, the couple was forced to leave Pondicherry, moving first to France and then to Japan. Around 1924 onwards Mirra was starting to organise the day-to-day functioning of the household and slowly the house was turning into an ashram with many followers flowing in every day. However, her full potential was developed only after she visited India, where she met Shri Aurobindo, who immediately recognized her to be of equal yogic stature. Born second of her parentsâ two children, she had an elder brother named MattÃ©o Mathieu Maurice Alfassa. Mirra Alfassa was born on 1878 in Paris to Moïse Maurice Alfassa a Turkish Jew father, and Mathilde Ismalun an Egyptian Jewish mother, a bourgeoisiefamily. Despite her immense contributions, many are still unaware of the work that âThe Motherâ did for India. The early 1900s was a confusing time for Mirra, which became somewhat clearer after she came across two Hindu scriptures; âRaja Yogaâ and âBhagabat Gitaâ.  Her biographer Vrekhem notes that Mirra had various occult experiences in her childhood but knew nothing of their significance or relevance. Aurobindo had refused this offer, so the British had written to the French government in Paris asking to hand over revolutionaries staying at French Pondicherry. During First World war she left Pondicherry along with her husband Paul Richard. Mirra Alfassa (21 February 1878 â 17 November 1973), also known as The Mother, was the spiritual collaborator of Sri Aurobindo. She attending her last meeting on 20 May 1973 and gave her final darshan on 15 August 1973. A pupil at the Academie Julian, she became an accomplished artist, and also excelled as a pianist and writer. She also knew that she would have to find out the truth all by herself. She kept these experiences to herself as her mother would have regarded occult experiences as a mental problem to be treated. She also received a copy of the Bhagavad Gita in French which helped her considerably in learning more about these experiences. One of them was quite dark and she later began to call him as Krishna. , In 1893 after graduating from school, Mirra joined AcadÃ©mie Julian to study art. The year 1958 was also marked by greater progress in yoga. In 1887, she began her formal education at a private school. Alfassa had to leave Pondicherry during World War I, and spent most of her time in Japan where she met poet Rabindranath Tagore. Mirra decided to take up the entire work of the ashram and also to continue the integral yoga internally. The Mother was born as Mira Alfassa in the year 1878, in France. The Journal was first published on 15 August 1914 and ran for the next six and half years. She kept those experiences to herself and developed an urge to understand their significance. , Mirra learnt to read at the age of seven and joined school very late at the age of nine. By this time the second world war erupted delaying the construction but was finally completed after ten years and was named Golconde. She had an elder brother, Mattéo Mathieu Maurice Alfassa, who later held numerous French governmental posts in Africa.  All the activities in the ashram were suspended for twelve days, after which Mirra had to decide the future course of the ashram. The family had just migrated to France a year before Mirra was born. After 1958, Mirra slowly started to withdraw from outer activities. For the first time, on 14 July 1906, she journeyed alone to the Algerian city of Tlemcen to meet with Max ThÃ©on and his wife Alma ThÃ©on. Mirra Alfassa (21 February 1878 â 17 November 1973), known to her followers as The Mother, was a spiritual guru, an occultist and a collaborator of Sri Aurobindo, who considered her to be of equal yogic stature to him and called her by the name "The Mother".She founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram and established Sri Aurobindo Ashram and established Mirra Alfassa Richard, also known to the followers of Sri Aurobindo as The Mother, began life as a privileged daughter of atheist bourgeois intellectuals in Paris. Mirra promueve el desarrollo del potencial de la mujer, su empoderamiento, su capacidad de aportar su visión y su poder de tranforación social. Aurobindo had received a few complaints against Mirra on the daily running of the ashram. Mirra Alfassa, known to many simply as âThe Motherâ, was a famous yogi and a spiritual guru. , By 1939 World War Two had broken out.  Mirra especially recalls at the age of thirteen or fourteen having a dream or a vision of a luminous figure whom she used to call Krishna but had never seen before in real life. , On 2 December 1943 Mirra started a school for about twenty children inside the ashram. The Mother (Mirra Alfassa) The Mother was born Mirra Alfassa in Paris on 21 February 1878. , On the insistence of the British in 1915, Richard was ordered to move out of Pondicherry. 1910-1926) as a vast and futuristic field of Spiritual Consciousness Research and Application of Spiritual Consciousness Experience to Life in the subsequent years. On 28 February 1968 they drew up a charter for the city, Auroville, meaning City of the Dawn (derived from the French word aurore), a model universal township where one of the aims would be to bring about human unity. , On 15 August 1954 French Pondicherry became a union territory of India. They were a bourgeois family, and Mirra's full name at birth was Blanche Rachel Mirra Alfassa. To settle this matter in finality Aurobindo declared 'The Mother' to be in sole charge of further activities of the ashram through a letter in April 1930. She passed away three months later on 17 November 1973.  In 1938 Margaret Woodrow Wilson, the daughter of US President Woodrow Wilson, came to the ashram and chose to remain there for the rest of her life. In her youth, she traveled to Algeria to practice occultism under Max ThÃ©on. Thereafter, he began to withdraw from daily activities, leaving Mother in charge of the Ashram, which she continued to do till 1958. After returning, while living in Paris, she guided a group of spiritual seekers. Geboorte in Parijs Mirra Alfassa werd geboren in Parijs op 21 februari 1878 uit een Turkse bankier en een Egyptische vrouw. After a 4-year stay in Japan, in 1920, she returned to Pondicherry for good. She considered this was a considerable movement away from usual life in the ashram, which was until then about practising total renunciation of the outside world. , Richard was also an aspiring politician and had attempted to win election to the French senate from Pondicherry, which was then under French control. Mirra experienced many spiritual and psychic episodes between the ages of 11 to 13 that helped her realise the presence of God. Mirra Alfassa (21 February 1878 â 17 November 1973), known to her followers as The Mother, was the spiritual collaborator of Sri Aurobindo. During this time she also made the acquaintance of Madame David NÃ©el. Mirra had a profound effect on her, which developed into a close relationship in later years.  She recalls herself being a complete atheist at this time, yet was experiencing various memories which she found were not mental formations but spontaneous experiences. They remained together until their divorce in 1908, meanwhile having a son called Andre, born in 1898. An extraordinarily gifted child, who became an accomplished painter and musician, she had many inner experiences from early childhood on. Mirra moved to live near Aurobindo in the guest house at Rue FranÃ§ois Martin. The community had grown to 85 members by then and the group had slowly turned into a spiritual ashram. On 24 April 1920 Mirra returned with Richard to Pondicherry accompanied by Dorothy Hodgson.  Mirra married Paul Richard in 1911 who after serving four years in the army had involved himself in philosophy & theology. Tierncen, Algerie .  For the first eight years of her life she lived at 62 boulevard Haussmann.. Alfassa describes experiences she had as a child in Paris. Shortly on 15 August 1914, they launched a journal called âAryaâ, publishing the works of Shri Aurobindo. While Mirra Alfassa is known as the founder of âAurovilleâ she is equally revered as the co-founder of âintegral yogaâ, which seeks to transform oneâs fragmentary way of being into spiritual consciousness, turning his/her ordinary existence into the divine life. This yoga was in variance with older ways of yoga because the follower would not give up the outer life to live in a monastery, but would be present in regular life and practise spirituality in all parts of life. From 1959, she began to spend more and more time on her spiritual practices, slowly being immersed in it. She had an elder brother named Matteo. Her father, MoÃ¯se Maurice Alfassa, was a Turkish banker while her mother, Mathilde Ismalun, was Egyptian. Here, she would sit under a tree to meditate, often feeling one with nature. Giri, the Dalai Lama, and especially Indira Gandhi who was in close contact with her and often visited her for guidance. Although Aurobindo had totally dispensed his activities against British rule he was considered unsafe and all the revolutionaries were asked to move to Algeria. 1898: Mirra and Henri Morisset had a son, André. März 1914 kam sie zum ersten Mal nach Puducherry, wo sie Aurobindo traf. Mirra Alfassa nació en París el 21 de febrero de 1878, hija de Maurice Alfassa, turco, y de Mathilde Ismalaun, egipcia. Richard did not stay long in India; he spent a year traveling around North India returning to France and remarried in England after divorcing Mirra. Mirra had published an article titled "The Dream" in which she suggested a place on earth that no nation could claim as its sole property, for all humanity with no distinction. Alfassa a Turkish banker while her Mother was born in Paris to Moïse Maurice Alfassa Mother Sri... 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