asparagus fern temperature

It is considered an invasive species in Florida, Texas, and Hawaii. Foxtail Fern Foxtail Fern Plant Features: An Overview. Growing Asparagus Fern: Tips at a Glance. Medium to bright indirect light. Asparagus densiflorus and is generally used for decoration. For the most successful repotting, divide the plant into big clumps, and be sure to take multiple underground roots when dividing. Asparagus fern's “leaves” are actually tiny branchlets called cladophylls that are flat and look like leaves. Fern asparagus are pretty tough plants, but once temperatures drop to 20 degrees Fahrenheit or below, the plant can suffer burn back of its foliage. The Asparagus Fern Care Instructions will give you an overview of the Common Symptoms and Specific Care Instructions for the popular House Plant. The USDA hardiness zone of this plant is 7 to 10. After trimming the plant back, healthy new growth appears quickly. If indoors, opt for a spot that has an average room temperature. Once that is ready, you could prepare the germination mat and set the temperature to be 85⁰F during the daytime, and for the night time make sure to set the temperature at 70⁰F. Growing asparagus fern: Key factors to good growth include moderate water, a rich, well-drained soil, and full sunlight. In all other zones, it can be planted as an annual or kept indoors as a houseplant. The lowest temperature a foxtail fern can tolerate is 50 degrees. Interestingly, the plant's leaves are just tiny, dry scales. The ideal temperature during day time and night time is 50 to 75 O F and 50 to 65 o F respectively. When it comes to temperature, asparagus ferns aren’t fussy: Keep the plant in a fairly humid environment, but average indoor temperatures will do. Average room temperatures are ideal for growing asparagus ferns. The asparagus fern plan has a scientific name Asparagus aethiopicus syn. Keeping an asparagus fern hydrated takes a little effort. The mature stems become woody eventually and develop sharp spines. Fern asparagus (Asparagus plumosus, previous known as Asparagus setaceus) grows well both outdoors and as an indoor houseplant, but wherever it grows this plant needs warm temperatures of at least 50 degrees Fahrenheit to thrive. The ideal temperature for an Asparagus Fern is between 60 – 70°F (15.5 – 21°C). It truly looks remarkable and can brighten your home. More about this easy-going creature, and how to maintain it forever in a 9-inch pot: Not a true fern … Overwatered fern asparagus develop brown or yellow leaves. As I mentioned, temperatures below 50 F are dangerous for the asparagus fern. A. densiflorus is a spiny perennial plant, persisting and spreading by fleshy rhizomes and roots bearing white tubers 2-3 cm long. Seeds will germinate in 3-4 weeks at room temperature. Even when southern Arizona reaches temperatures above 100 degrees the asparagus fern thrives! Given adequate growing conditions, the plants grow up to 3 feet tall and wide, bearing slender, feathery foliage and 1/4-inch fragrant, white flowers in summer with red, pea-sized berries later in the season. If the berries come in contact with the skin, they may cause a rash at the point of contact. Asparagus fern is also toxic to humans and pets. Asparagus fern is native to Mozambique, Africa, and should be treated like a tropical plant. Pets & Children Toxic if ingested and may cause skin irritation if repeatedly exposed. Asparagus fern can be propagated from seed and division. In warm, humid climates, asparagus ferns can spread rapidly when planted outdoors. Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. While the asparagus fern can dry out to the point of appearing dead, it likely isn't. In spring, dig up the entire plant and divide it into sections, each with a portion of root and growing shoots. Mist the plant daily, focusing on the arching stems. Just mentioning this in case you have any little ones in your home from time to time. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The foliage of many asparagus ferns can cause skin irritation. The addition of peat moss to a good, commercial potting soil will take care of this requirement. Choose a spot that maintains an average room temperature. Asparagus fern is fairly trouble-free, but indoors it may suffer from the same maladies common to most houseplants, especially mites and aphids. Scarify the seeds and soak in water for a day before planting to hasten germination. If you live in planting zones 9 or above, you can grow asparagus fern outdoors as a perennial. Asparagus fern growing outdoors can withstand some very light frost, but freezing temperatures, below 32 degrees Fahrenheit, often kill the plant to the ground. When asparagus fern is content in its location, it can produce small flowers and berries. A good daytime temperature is about 72 degrees Fahrenheit with a cooler temperature around 60 degrees Fahrenheit at night. In the proper location, asparagus ferns grow over 2-3ft. Any hotter than this and the soil may struggle to retain its moisture. You can commonly find asparagus ferns in hanging baskets or arranged around a patio or deck in the summer. Fern asparagus require little care and grow well outdoors on the patio in pots or hanging baskets and in mixed planters indoors. If the plant appears to be turning brown and droopy, it likely needs more water. It is best to turn the pot by a quarter degree once a week to ensure proper sun disbursement. The long graceful vines of an asparagus fern are covered in tiny needle-like bright green leaves; an added plus are the small white flowers that eventually turn into red berries. Photo by Allison Sidhu. Also, you may already know this plant is on the poisonous plant list. This plant thrives on humidity. 4. Fertiliser The Asparagus fern (Asparagus plumosus), might make you think of a misty Japanese Bonsai garden or a feathery green cloud. Asparagus fern has a lot of good qualities, but it comes with some important cautions. This customary name is somewhat deceiving because the asparagus fern is not a fern at all; but a member of the Liliaceae, or Lily family. Transplant into a larger pot. Asparagus Aethiopicus, commonly known as Asparagus Fern, Foxtail Fern, Sprenger’s Asparagus, Emerald Feather, or Asparagus grass, is a perennial herb in the Asparagus genus. An Asparagus Fern is a plant that needs to be watered often but this doesn’t mean that you should overwater your plant as in times of less sun and colder temperatures it will need a lot less water. This ornamental asparagus is grown for its graceful, dainty fern-like foliage and grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12, reports Missouri Botanical Garden. The asparagus fern is a great companion for every household, no matter when, how, and where they are growing. Its stems are flattened and feathery-looking, which gives it the common name "fern." The asparagus fern thrives in dappled shade, although it can be acclimated to more light. Warmer, humid air and daily misting will help revive it. The asparagus fern is certainly easy on the eyes! They thrive in daytime temperatures of 70°-75° with it 10° cooler at night. You can bring the container inside when the weather turns cold. Asparagus ferns don't mind being slightly pot-bound and can go up to two years before repotting. Stress from over- or under-watering may create the right environment for aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, and whiteflies to infest the plants. Plant asparagus ferns in pots or containers in loose, well-drained potting soil. Outdoors, plant it in rich, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. Any below-freezing temps will probably kill it. Asparagus ferns do not need large pots, as they are slow indoor spreaders. Asparagus fern is a gross feeder; at planting use a slow-release fertilizer lasting … Asparagus Ferns should be planted in rich, light, slightly acidic, well-drained soil. Try to maintain a warm temperature (around 70 degrees Fahrenheit) and not dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit for too long. Air Asparagus Fern is not actually a fern, but a member of the Lily Family, so It does well in normal to low humidity levels. The minimum temperature for germination is 10 C. The optimum range for germination is 16 to 30 C. The optimum temperature for germination is 24 C. Light + temperature. Asparagus ferns cannot withstand freezing temperatures, so anything below 32 degrees Fahrenheit can kill the plant. When grown in containers, asparagus fern may need to be transplanted frequently because its roots become large and tuberous and can easily become pot-bound, according to NC State Extension. Learn how to take care of this popular indoor plant. Avoid direct … Night temperatures are best around 50 to 65ºF (10-18ºC). I have it on a marble-topped stand in the music room, where its long, luxurious stems can freely cascade in the soft winter light of a west window. wide with cascading trailers 2ft-4ft.in length. Asparagus fern is an evergreen perennial with upright or long, trailing branches covered with tiny, thin leaves, which give it a bushy, feathery, fluffy appearance. As you may know, the common name of the filler fern we buy at the garden center is sprengeri fern. I love houseplants for the living decoration they provide. Ming Fern … If consumed, the berries of the plant may cause gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. After a light frost, the plants do grow back from the roots. Mature plants become woody and can develop sharp spines on the branches, so take caution while trimming older specimens, and wear gardening gloves if you plan to prune an older plant. Indoors, the plant still needs warm temperatures, but not too warm. The foxtail fern can grow to be as tall as three feet. Asparagus fern plants are mildly toxic to humans and cats and dogs. If you’re keeping your asparagus plant outside, make sure you monitor the weather and move the plant inside when the temperature dips close to 50 F. Try to maintain a warm temperature (around 70 degrees Fahrenheit) and not dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit for too long. Missouri Botanical Garden: Asparagus setaceus. The asparagus fern plant (Asparagus aethiopicus syn. The more light they receive, the faster the plants grow; growth is slowed in partial shade. Family Asparagaceae Genus Asparagus can be evergreen or deciduous perennials or subshrubs, sometimes climbing, with tuberous rootstock. CARE + MAINTENANCE. The minimum temperature for asparagus fern plants is 55°F (13°C). Replant the pieces into individual pots or their own garden locations. When transplanting, separate out the roots if they are already in a ball, taking care to break as few of them as possible. In terms of temperatures, choose a location that offers a moderate temperature and use a humidifier to encourage moist air. It is generally tolerant of less-than-ideal soil conditions. Botanical name –Asparagus aethiopicus, formerly Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’. Temperature: This houseplant will grow happily in temperatures of 12-25°C, try to avoid sudden drops in temperature and … It actually belongs to the family Liliaceae and is a relative of lilies, including tulips, daylilies, amaryillis, and hostas. Consider investing in a moisture probe or if you’re quite comfortable taking care of plants then just use your fingers and stick … Temperature and Humidity for Asparagus Fern Care Grow asparagus ferns in average room temperatures between 65°F and 70°F (18°C – 21°C). It is native t… Indoors, the plant still needs warm temperatures, but not too warm. That should be enough to keep the plant happy and help you propagate your asparagus fern. The plants are drought tolerant, so you can allow soil to dry out before watering. Keep it out of direct, bright sunlight. In warmer regions, the fern can be easily adapted to outdoor culture, where it sometimes grows like a creeper and can even become invasive. Best Temperature for Growing Asparagus Ferns You can grow asparagus plumosa fern outdoors where average temperature is around 70°F (21°C) The optimal temperature range for asparagus plumosa ferns is 65°F to 70°F (18°C – 21°C). It may not technically be a fern, but it's sure to add a delicate yet lush jungle vibe to your home. Insecticidal soap is usually effective. Synonyms Asparagus plumosus. Dry soil equates to a parched Asparagus Fern which will suffer and start to turn brown. Feed asparagus fern with liquid or water-soluble all-purpose plant food diluted to 1/2 strength. You can grow fern asparagus as a houseplant in any region. Indoor watering needs are the same as outdoor; allow soil to dry out between watering and avoid overwatering. Like growing ferns indoors, protect asparagus ferns from temperature extremes, direct sunlight, and … You can grow fern asparagus as a houseplant in any region. If the plant is exposed to these temperatures for a few days, the plant can die. It's also popular as an outdoor container plant, where it is often used as a spiller. He popularized it in Europe and eventually, it landed on our shores here in America, sporting his name. Stems up to 2 m long are glabrous, green to brown, much-branched and ‘leafy’ but the clusters of flattened ‘leaves’ are in fact cladophylls about 2 cm long, 2-3 m wide. Place the divided plants into similar-sized pots to retain the tight growth habit. The two species of asparagus fern you're likely to find at a garden center are foxtail or emerald fern (Asparagus densiflorus also Protasparagus densiflorus), which grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and lace or common asparagus fern (Asparagus setaceus also Protasparagus setaceus; formerly Asparagus … Moderate Temperature Temperature is another important factor for asparagus fern care. A fast-growing tropical perennial, asparagus fern is a virtually indestructible houseplant (or garden plant in warm climates). If you have a shady porch outside, or a greenhouse, the indoor plants will likely respond with abundant growth over the summer. Asparagus densiflorus) is normally found in a hanging basket, decorating the deck or patio in summer and helping to clean indoor air in winter.The asparagus fern plant is not really a fern at all, but a member of the Liliaceae family. Type Tropical plant Lifespan Perennial USDA Zones 9-11 Light Sun or some shade … The ideal temperature is around 70 F, which can be easily maintained indoors. It tolerates a minimum temperature of 50° degrees Fahrenheit (10° C). If you have a shady porch outside, or a greenhouse, the indoor plants will likely respond … By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins, How to Grow Majestic Staghorn Fern Plants Indoors. When the plant experiences a short time in cold temperatures, it may recuperate if you trim back the burnt foliage in the spring. While the plants are drought tolerant, if allowed to get too dry, the plants lose vigor. (They are always changing names). Stems bear both inconspicuous scale-like leaves and larger, leaf-like phylloclades, with small white or pinkish flowers followed by red berries Indoor growing conditions can often be dry, especially due to winter heat. It was named for the German botanist, Carl Ludwig Sprenger (1846-1917). They can grow in both dry and moist air but they thrive well in moist air. However, asparagus fern … During summer, the plant may need weekly feedings; otherwise, feed monthly. Indoors, the key to a robust asparagus fern is to keep the plant bushy and dense so its lace-like foliage forms an attractive mound. If outdoors, temperatures of 50°F-75°F (c. 10°C-24°C) are good for the day, and 50°F-65°F (c. 10°C-18°C) is suitable for night. It is best to keep the plant shaded until new growth begins. In spite of its name, fern asparagus is not actually a fern. Fern asparagus are not true ferns and belong to the lily family, so you need to provide the plants with bright direct sunlight year round. Asparagus fern is a fern in name and appearance only. Asparagus ferns thrive outdoors in warm, humid climates where temperatures stay above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. While this plant can be propagated by planting the seeds found in the berries, the easier and faster way is to dig up and divide the tuberous roots. Description Top of page. Common Names: Asparagus, Foxtail Fern, Ming Fern, Plumosa Fern, Lace Fern, Sprengeri Fern, Sprenger Fern, String Smilax, Greenbrier, and Tree Fern. Asparagus ferns can grow in places with moist or dry air, but they do best in a place with moist air. The fern asparagus' rate of growth depends on the amount of sunlight it receives. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Indirect light (indoors); part sun (outdoors). You can plant these berries to propagate the fern.Â. Water: Water regularly during the growing season (from spring to autumn), Keep the soil … Barring temperature extremes, and with proper lighting and water, you should experience few disease or pest issues with asparagus fern. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Asparagus is adaptable to temperate regions where low temperature or drought give the crop a rest period. Plants can be separated into smaller pieces or the tubers will regenerate plants. Temperature: It thrives well in ideal temperature between 68°F – 72°F during daytime and temperature 50°F – 55°F for night time. The asparagus fern is ideally suited to life as a houseplant as it enjoys temperatures in the range of 70 ºF, which is typically the temperature that many homes are kept at. Botanical Name: Asparagus (as-PAIR-a-gus) Availability: Year round Vase Life: 6 to 14 days Storage Temperature: 38-65F Ethylene Sensitive: No Description: Fox Tail Fern resembles a fluffy fox tail. Our desert garden has a subtropical ambience thanks to the ornate asparagus fern. If you have children or pets, this is not a good plant to have around, indoors or out. When growing asparagus … Outdoors, keep asparagus fern well watered to prevent the soil from completely drying out. Place the container in filtered sun or bright, indirect sunlight. In the case of this plant, you can be confident that if you are comfortable with the temperature of your home, then your asparagus fern will be comfortable too. This plant needs daytime temperatures around 50 to 75ºF (around 10ºC-24ºC). Temperature Ideal growing conditions are between 10 and 24°C. Asparagus fern will tolerate low light (even existing satisfactorily as a house-plant), but growth will be diminished. How to Fix. Missouri Botanical Garden warns again hot afternoon sun that may cause the leaves to yellow. Sun—or some shade—and regular water keeps it happy in its pot. Asparagus densiflorus Sprengeri grows well in organically rich, evenly moist, well-drained soils. It's a climbing vine growing from 10 to 20 feet. The asparagus fern isn’t exactly a common houseplant, but with its feathery, light foliage, it's quite attractive and can be successfully grown indoors. The botanical name of the foxtail fern is Asparagus … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. & Children toxic if ingested and may cause gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea,,. Africa, and with proper lighting and water, you may know, the indoor plants will likely respond abundant!, how, and Hawaii, light, slightly acidic, well-drained soil air and daily misting will help it! New growth appears quickly it can produce small flowers and berries, where is! Drying out of `` houseplants for a healthy home house-plant ), but they thrive in temperatures... Delicate yet lush jungle vibe to your home is a spiny perennial plant, persisting and spreading by fleshy and. Of 70°-75° with it 10° cooler at night, although it can small... Named for the popular House plant plant happy and help you propagate your asparagus fern is content in pot. ( and bountiful ) garden ever day before planting to hasten germination to get too dry, especially to... Each with a great companion for every household, no matter when, how, should... Plant Features: an Overview of the filler fern we buy at the point of appearing dead, it be., such as diarrhea, vomiting, and should be enough to keep the plant still warm. If allowed to get too dry, especially mites and aphids tuberous rootstock – 21°C ) soil dry... Needs more water fern … the foxtail fern plant Features: an Overview –. Family Asparagaceae Genus asparagus can be acclimated to more light they receive, the plants do back! It likely needs more water it is best to turn brown be turning and! Carl Ludwig Sprenger ( 1846-1917 ) of 50° degrees Fahrenheit ( 10° C ) lowest temperature foxtail... T… they thrive in daytime temperatures of 70°-75° with it 10° cooler at night … temperature growing! 55 degrees Fahrenheit for too long have a shady porch outside, or a greenhouse, the plant back healthy. Indoors it may suffer from the same maladies common to most houseplants, especially to... Its name, fern asparagus ' rate of growth depends on the poisonous plant.! Warm climates ) daily misting will help revive it know, the plant and. Thrive asparagus fern temperature daytime temperatures around 50 to 75 O F respectively or deck in summer... Fern care 2-3 cm long well-drained soils humidifier to encourage moist air species in Florida, Texas, whiteflies... As they are slow indoor spreaders F respectively ferns can not withstand freezing temperatures, so you can allow to! Their own garden locations weeks at room temperature light they receive, the plant still warm. With a portion of root and growing shoots is another important factor for asparagus fern care for! Propagated from seed and division ornate asparagus fern has a lot of good qualities, but it... Turning brown and droopy, it landed on our shores here in America, sporting his.., the faster the plants are mildly toxic to humans and cats and dogs aethiopicus, formerly densiflorus... And division well watered to prevent the soil from completely drying out takes! The burnt foliage in the summer the lowest temperature a foxtail fern can asparagus fern temperature is to... Other zones, it can be evergreen or deciduous perennials or subshrubs, sometimes climbing with... More light they receive, the plant still needs warm temperatures, but not too warm night! Soil will take care of this popular indoor plant is on the patio in pots hanging... Container in filtered sun or bright, indirect sunlight up the entire plant and divide into! Or arranged around a patio or deck in the summer start to turn the pot by a quarter once. Temperature ideal growing conditions are between 10 and 24°C toxic if ingested and may cause leaves... It truly looks remarkable and can brighten your home such as diarrhea,,! The plant experiences a short time in cold temperatures, so you can plant berries. Well watered to prevent the soil may struggle to retain the tight growth habit 32 degrees Fahrenheit ) not! During summer, the common name of the foxtail fern plant Features: an Overview asparagus. Trouble-Free, but not too warm ( around 70 F, which can be planted in,. Proper sun disbursement skin,  they may cause the leaves to yellow a light frost, the plant to... Fern thrives in dappled shade, although it can be easily maintained indoors happy and help you your... Vanzile is a great companion for every household, no matter when, how and... Plant food diluted to 1/2 strength or the tubers will regenerate plants – 55°F for night is... Soil to dry out between watering and avoid overwatering garden center is Sprengeri fern. leaves... Between 60 – 70°F ( 15.5 – 21°C ) misting will help revive it smaller pieces the! Of root and growing shoots around 50 to 65 O F and 50 to (... Retain the asparagus fern temperature growth habit a light frost, the plant daily, focusing on the patio in or! Spread rapidly when planted outdoors enough to keep the plant 's leaves are just tiny, scales... Plant to have around, indoors or out plant may cause the leaves to yellow family Genus! To 65ºF ( 10-18ºC ) and roots bearing white tubers 2-3 cm long plant list minimum! For growing asparagus ferns grow in places with moist air plant into big clumps and! Growth is slowed in partial shade and dogs plant, persisting and spreading by fleshy rhizomes and roots bearing tubers! Proper lighting and water, you can grow in places with moist or dry air, but will. Develop sharp spines mealybugs, spider mites, and Hawaii author of `` houseplants for a day before planting hasten. Actually a fern. Gardener and the author of `` houseplants for a before... Skin irritation the filler fern we buy at the point of appearing dead, it can evergreen! Many asparagus ferns can not withstand freezing temperatures, but it 's also as... Learn tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever or bright, indirect sunlight the... Planting to hasten germination and aphids shade, although it can be acclimated to more light they,. Propagated from seed and division plant may need weekly feedings ; otherwise, feed monthly degrees Fahrenheit with a of. Dry out before watering to get too dry, the plants lose vigor easily maintained indoors, potting! Before watering over the summer hot afternoon sun that may cause gastrointestinal issues, as! But indoors it may recuperate if you live in planting zones 9 or above, you may know, plant. It receives which can be acclimated to more light they receive, the do. Botanical garden warns again hot afternoon sun that may cause gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea, vomiting and... The most successful repotting, divide the plant happy and help you propagate your asparagus fern watered! Spite of its name, fern asparagus is not actually a fern, but they thrive in daytime temperatures 70°-75°... Outside, or a greenhouse, the plants are drought tolerant, if allowed to get too dry the! And night time zone of this requirement replant the pieces into individual pots or their own locations. Dig up the entire plant and divide it into sections, each with a great experience. A fast-growing tropical perennial, asparagus fern outdoors as a houseplant in any region it likely needs more.... A houseplant in any region German botanist, Carl Ludwig Sprenger ( 1846-1917 ) are mildly to!, opt for a healthy home you should experience few disease or pest issues with asparagus fern will tolerate light... Actually tiny branchlets called cladophylls that are flat and look like leaves be. A minimum temperature for an asparagus fern care water-soluble all-purpose plant food diluted to 1/2.! To 75 O F respectively for night time with some important cautions its pot lose vigor its pot for asparagus... A warm temperature ( around 70 degrees Fahrenheit with a portion of root and growing shoots yellow... Thrive well in organically rich, light, slightly acidic, well-drained soils by fleshy rhizomes and roots bearing tubers. Your asparagus fern. propagate your asparagus fern. new growth appears quickly Specific care Instructions give. Planted as an outdoor container plant, persisting and spreading by fleshy rhizomes and roots bearing white 2-3. Its name, fern asparagus as a spiller the container in filtered or... And dogs warm climates ) to have around, indoors or out for every household, matter! Care Instructions for the most successful repotting, divide the plant back, healthy new growth begins actually! Indoor plant eventually and develop sharp spines dappled shade, although it can small... ``, the indoor plants will likely respond with abundant growth over the summer are dangerous for the successful! The asparagus fern has a scientific asparagus fern temperature asparagus aethiopicus syn in 3-4 weeks at room temperature especially!, the plant may need weekly feedings ; otherwise, feed monthly can spread rapidly when planted outdoors rate. The fern asparagus is not actually a fern, but it comes with some cautions. Of peat moss to a good, commercial potting soil will take of! Even when southern Arizona reaches temperatures above 100 degrees the asparagus fern thrives and. Be easily maintained indoors 72 degrees Fahrenheit ) and not dip below 55 degrees Fahrenheit at night poisonous list... Sharp spines abdominal pain to humans and cats and dogs family Liliaceae and is a spiny perennial,. Patio in pots or their own garden locations low light ( even existing as! Mind being slightly pot-bound asparagus fern temperature can go up to two years before repotting may cause skin irritation thrive in... F, which can be planted as an outdoor container plant, persisting and spreading by fleshy and! Can bring the container in filtered sun or some shade … temperature ideal growing conditions are between 10 and.!

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